Medical Studies Overview for Students

Introduction to Medical Studies

Embarking on a career in the medical field is not just a career choice; it's a noble and impactful calling. Medical studies involve the pursuit of skills and knowledge necessary for healthcare professions, aiming at the well-being of individuals and communities. Medical education is a rigorous and demanding field that requires a solid commitment to academic excellence and a passion for helping others.

Medical studies typically take four years to complete, and the curriculum covers various topics, including anatomy, pathology, pharmacology, and clinical medicine. Before joining the main force, students undergo extensive hands-on training in hospitals and clinics to ensure they work well in real scenarios.

Entrance Exams

Every student needs to clear entrance exams to get admission into the prestigious medical colleges in India. These entrance exams determine whether a candidate is eligible for higher studies. There are three main exams that every medical student must appear in

NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)

NEET is a national-level exam for undergraduate medical courses in India, which is organized by National Testing Agency. The syllabus consists of core concepts of Physics, Chemistry and Biology taught in classes 11 and 12 as prescribed by NCERT.

The exam pattern includes:

NEET Exam Pattern 2024 Overview

Exam Name

National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)

Conducting Body

National Testing Agency

Mode of the Examination


Duration of the Exam

3 hours and 20 minutes

Total Questions

200 out of which 180 questions will have to be answered

Total Marks

720 Marks

Question Type


Marking Scheme

+4 marks for each correct answer , -1 for each incorrect answer

NEET Languages

13 (English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, Oriya, Malayalam, Kannada, Punjabi and Urdu)

Official Website

*Students are advised to visit the official website for regular updates on the examination date.*

AIIMS MBBS Entrance Exam

AIIMS MBBS Entrance Exam is conducted by the All India Institute of Medical Science for admission to MBBS programs. The successful candidates gain the eligibility to apply for the MBBS program across various AIIMS colleges around India.

The exam pattern includes:

AIIMS Exam Schedule and Pattern 2024 Overview



Conducting Body

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi

Number of Exam Sessions

Morning, Afternoon

Exam Mode

Computer-Based Test i.e. Online Mode

Exam Type

Objective type

Expected Exam Date

First week of March 2024

Session Allocation


Total Questions


Marking Scheme

+3 mark for every correct answer, 1 for every wrong answer

Location of Examination Centres

Tentatively 153 cities in India

Exam Duration

3 hours and 30 minutes

*Students are advised to visit the official website for regular updates on the examination date. *

JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam

JIPMER MBBS Entrance Exam for admission to MBBS courses at Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. The exam is typically held in July, and the pattern includes 200 questions.

JIPMER MBBS Exam Pattern 2024 Overview

*Students are advised to visit the official website for regular updates on the examination date. *



Conducting Body

Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry

Duration of JIPMER Exam

2 hour and 30 minutes

Types of Questions


Total Number of Questions



3 Subjects

Basic Admission Criteria

Merit-based and Entrance Test

Application Mode


Expected Exam Date

2nd June 2024

Specializations in Medical Studies

Medical studies comprise a diverse array of courses, each specializing in particular areas of practice. Students get the option to choose from a variety of medical branches aligned with their interests, including:

General Medicine:

General Medicine involves the diagnosis and treatment of various diseases and conditions. After studying general medicine, students become general practitioners, act as the first point of contact for most patients, and provide primary care services. They also refer patients to specialists for further diagnosis and treatment.


Pediatrics specializes in the healthcare of infants, children, and adolescents. Paediatricians are trained to diagnose and treat childhood illnesses, from common colds and flu to more complex conditions.


Surgery covers a range of surgical procedures and training to treat various conditions. Surgeons also get to specialize in a particular area of surgery and handle both major and minor operations.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

This branch focuses on women's health, pregnancy, and childbirth and provides various services, including prenatal care and gynaecological exam delivery. This field further branches into other specializations, such as reproductive endocrinology and infertility, maternal-fetal medicine, etc.


Cardiology is the study and treatment of heart-related conditions. Cardiologists are well-trained doctors trained to diagnose and treat heart conditions, including heart failure, coronary artery disease, and arrhythmias.


Orthopaedics concentrates on musculoskeletal system disorders and injuries. Surgeons are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including fractures, dislocations, arthritis, and sports injuries.

Job Options in India

Completing medical studies opens up a multitude of career opportunities. Some common job options for medical graduates include:

General Practitioner

The general practitioner provides primary healthcare services to patients and offers a wide range of services, including diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and conditions.

Specialist Doctor

Special doctors offer in-depth care and treatment for patients with complex or specialized conditions. Some examples of specialist doctors include cardiologists, oncologists, and neurologists.


Surgeons are trained to perform operations to treat various conditions. Surgeons can specialize in a particular area of surgery, such as neurosurgery, cardiovascular surgery, or orthopaedic surgery.


Paediatricians focus on the healthcare of children and adolescents. Paediatricians are trained to diagnose and treat a wide range of childhood illnesses. They care for diseases ranging from minor cases like common colds and flu to more complex conditions such as asthma and diabetes.


Cardiologists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of heart-related issues. Their main job is to treat heart conditions ranging from mild problems to life-threatening situations such as heart failures, coronary artery diseases, etc.

Medical Researcher

Medical researchers design and conduct studies on fresh topics and ideas to improve or develop new treatments, medications, and therapies. Students get to choose the subject of their interest and work to develop new medical technologies or equipment.


Medicine is constantly evolving, and there is always something new to learn. It can be a very exciting and rewarding career, as pursuing a medical career is not just a profession but a commitment to the well-being of society. The field offers a wide array of specializations and career paths, providing students with the opportunity to make a meaningful impact on the lives of others and fulfil their dream of helping others.